Platinum is a chemical element with the chemical symbol Pt and an atomic number of 78. Its name is derived from the Spanish term "Platina del Pinto" which is literally translated into "Little silver of the Pinto River". A heavy, precious, grey-white transition metal, platinum is resistant to corrosion. Platinum is used in jewelry, laboratory equipment, electrical contacts, dentistry, and automobile emissions control devices. As well as gold platinum is measured in Troy Ounces.
- Platinum is an extremely rare metal, occurring as only 0.003 PPB (parts-per-billion) in the Earth's crust, and is 30 times rarer than gold.
- About 90% of all platinum supplies come from South Africa and Russia.
- Platinum exists in relatively higher abundances on the Moon and in Meteorites.
- Platinum's melting point is almost double that of gold.
- The Platinum Group metals is a collective name used for six metallic elements clustered together in the periodic table. These metals are: Ruthenium, Rhodium, Palladium, Iridium, Osmium, Platinum.
- All the platinum ever mined from the beginning of the time would fit into a typical living room.
- Over 20% of all consumer goods either contain platinum or are produced using platinum.
- In the 19th century King Carlos IV of Spain commissioned a "Platinum Room" which featured platinum incrusted hardwood adornments.
- A 6 inch cube of platinum weighs as much as an average man.
- The coronation crown of the Queen Mother was made form platinum.
- Around two tons of ore has to be mined to obtain enough platinum to make a ring.
- 1 gram of platinum can be made into wire 2 kilometres long.
- In 700 BC, the daughter of the King of Thebes was buried in a magnificent sarcophagus decorated with gold and platinum hieroglyphics.
- It takes 8 weeks to refine pure platinum from the ore extracted from the Earth.
- Due to its rarity, platinum was declared the only metal fit for a king by King Louis XV of France in the 18th century.